. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/the-worlds-first-space-telescope/
blog article
In July 1958, an astronomer at the University of Wisconsin–Madison named Arthur Art Code received a telegram from the fledgling Space Science Board of the National Academy of Sciences. The agency wanted to know what he and his colleagues would do if given the opportunity to launch into Earth’s orbit an instrument weighing up to 100 pounds. Code, newly-minted director of the University’s Washburn Observatory, had something in mind. His department was already well known for pioneering a technique for measuring the light emitted by celestial objects, called photoelectric photometry, and Code had joined the university with the intent of adapting it to the burgeoning field of space astronomy. JAMES LATTIS READ MORE