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. https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/doolittle-raid-how-america-crafted-plan-avenge-pearl-harbor-43112
blog article
HOW AMERICA CRAFTED THE PLAN TO AVENGE PEARL HARBOR
President Franklin D. Roosevelt sat in his White House study, an aging leader suddenly appearing older and wearier. Only moments before, the Secretary of the Navy, Frank Knox, had informed him that much of the Pacific Fleet stationed in Hawaii now rested on Pearl Harbor’s bottom. Carrier aircraft from Japan had executed a devastating surprise blow to the U.S. military. Doubt and disbelief blanketed Roosevelt’s face. READ MORE